June 22 and 23 have been dates of profound significance throughout history, marking events that have shaped the world we live in today.

1941: Operation Barbarossa Begins
On June 22, 1941, Nazi Germany launched Operation Barbarossa, the largest military invasion in history, against the Soviet Union. This marked a turning point in World War II, as it opened the Eastern Front, leading to some of the most brutal battles and significant human losses. The German forces, numbering over three million soldiers, aimed to swiftly defeat the Soviet Union but were ultimately met with fierce resistance and harsh winter conditions that contributed to their defeat.

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1633: Galileo Galilei's Recantation
On June 22, 1633, the renowned Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei was forced by the Roman Catholic Church to recant his support for the heliocentric theory, which posited that the Earth revolves around the Sun. This event marked a significant moment in the history of science, highlighting the conflict between science and religious doctrine. Despite his public recantation, Galileo's work laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.

1978: Charon, Pluto's Moon, Discovered
In the realm of space exploration, June 22, 1978, saw the discovery of Charon, the largest moon of the dwarf planet Pluto. American astronomer James Christy made this discovery while examining photographic plates at the United States Naval Observatory. Charon's discovery provided valuable insights into the characteristics and dynamics of the distant Pluto system.

1937: First Public Housing in the US Completed
St. Louis also made history on June 22, 1937, with the completion of the Carr Square Village, the first public housing project in the United States. This development was part of the New Deal's efforts to provide affordable housing during the Great Depression. Carr Square Village set the precedent for future public housing initiatives across the country.

2002: World Cup Upset
June 22, 2002, witnessed one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history when South Korea defeated Spain in a dramatic quarterfinal match. The game ended in a penalty shootout, with South Korea emerging victorious and advancing to the semifinals. This unexpected win was a moment of immense national pride for South Korea and stunned football fans worldwide.

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1986: The Hand of God Goal
In a moment that remains etched in football history, Diego Maradona scored the infamous "Hand of God" goal on June 22, 1986, during the FIFA World Cup quarterfinal match between Argentina and England. This controversial goal, where Maradona used his hand to punch the ball into the net, was followed by his "Goal of the Century" just minutes later. Argentina went on to win the match and eventually the World Cup, with Maradona's performance becoming legendary.

1949: Meryl Streep Born
Celebrated actress Meryl Streep, known for her versatile roles and numerous accolades, was born on June 22, 1949. With a career spanning over five decades, Streep has become a beloved figure in the film industry, earning multiple Academy Awards and nominations for her performances in films such as "Kramer vs. Kramer," "Sophie's Choice," and "The Iron Lady."

1984: Virgin Atlantic's Maiden Flight
On June 22, 1984, Virgin Atlantic Airways, founded by British entrepreneur Richard Branson, operated its inaugural flight from London to Newark. This marked the beginning of a new era in air travel, with Virgin Atlantic becoming known for its innovative services and customer-focused approach, challenging established airlines and transforming the aviation industry.

1985: Air India Flight 182 Disaster
On June 23, 1985, a tragic event shocked the world when Air India Flight 182 was bombed over the Atlantic Ocean near the coast of Ireland. The flight, en route from Montreal to Delhi, exploded mid-air due to a suitcase bomb, killing all 329 passengers and crew members on board. This incident marked one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in aviation history, profoundly impacting international security measures and anti-terrorism policies.

1919: Formation of the International Labour Organization (ILO)
On this day in 1919, the International Labour Organization (ILO) was established as part of the Treaty of Versailles, marking a significant step towards promoting social justice and internationally recognized human and labor rights. The formation of the ILO aimed to address labor issues, improve working conditions, and promote fair treatment of workers globally. The organization continues to play a crucial role in shaping labor standards and policies worldwide.

1894: Birth of Alfred Kinsey
June 23, 1894, marks the birth of Alfred Kinsey, an American biologist and sexologist who is renowned for his pioneering research on human sexuality. Kinsey's work, particularly his books

From the vast arenas of global conflict and scientific discovery to the local landmarks and cultural milestones of the St. Louis Metro Area, June 22 and 23 stand as a testament to the diverse and rich tapestry of human history.

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