May 12th has witnessed a plethora of significant events throughout history, ranging from groundbreaking global milestones to noteworthy local happenings in the St. Louis Metro Area.

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The most impactful global event on this date is undoubtedly the founding of the Red Cross. On May 12, 1821, Henry Dunant, a Swiss businessman and social activist, was born. His experiences and efforts led to the establishment of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. This organization has been pivotal in humanitarian efforts worldwide, offering aid in war zones and disaster-stricken areas, thereby embodying the spirit of global solidarity and compassion.

Turning our gaze to the realm of science, May 12, 1932, marks a significant advancement with the completion of the first mass vaccination program against yellow fever. Developed by Max Theiler, this vaccine represented a monumental step in combating infectious diseases and has saved countless lives since its inception.

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In the world of sports, May 12, 2008, is remembered for one of the most dramatic finishes in the history of the English Premier League. Manchester United clinched the title with a win over Wigan, while their rivals Chelsea drew with Bolton, making the victory all the more thrilling for fans and neutrals alike.

Shifting focus to the arts, May 12, 1926, saw the release of 'The Sun Also Rises' by Ernest Hemingway. This novel, a cornerstone of modernist literature, captures the disillusionment of the post-World War I generation and continues to be celebrated for its stylistic innovation and depth.

Locally, St. Louis has its own historical highlights on May 12. For instance, in 1904, the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, commonly known as the St. Louis World's Fair, opened its doors. This event not only put St. Louis on the global map but also introduced the world to innovations like the ice cream cone and iced tea, which remain popular to this day.

Another local event of note occurred on May 12, 1965, when the Gateway Arch was completed. This iconic monument defines the St. Louis skyline and commemorates the westward expansion of the United States. It's a symbol of tenacity and ingenuity, mirroring the spirit of the city and its people.

On the darker side of history, May 12, 1937, marks a significant day in the struggle for civil rights in St. Louis when a group of African American men formed the St. Louis Committee for the Improvement of the Negro. This organization played a crucial role in advocating for equal rights and improving living conditions for black communities in the region.

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