Illinois State Representative Dwight Kay (R-Glen Carbon) recently co-sponsored legislation to regulate the fracking industry in Illinois. The proposed legislation establishes Illinois Department of Natural Resources as the regulatory agency to issue permits, enforce the Act, and adopt rules. Fracking has taken place in Illinois for decades, but has remained largely unregulated. He calls the legislation a “pro-growth jobs” bill.
Fracking is the process of extracting natural gas from shale rock layers deep within the earth. Water mixed with sand and chemicals is pumped through a well into rock that holds a carbon fuel, such as oil or natural gas. The water creates pressure, which fractures the rock or opens up pre-existing cracks. The sand holds the cracks open so the gas and/or oil can be extracted.