Diabetes is the sixth deadliest disease in the United States, but it can be managed with diet, exercise and medication. Approximately 30 million people in the U.S. have diabetes - a chronic disease in which a person’s body does not produce or properly process sugar. Left untreated, diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, blindness, and a number of life-threatening medical complications.
Dr. Michael Jakoby, associate professor and chief of endocrinology at SIU School of Medicine, describes Type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Jakoby says the frequency of Type 2 diabetes is increasing in the U.S. and around the world because of the increase in obesity, especially among young people. Other risk factors are a family history for the disease, weight gain, lack of physical activity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease.